Managing the Eisenmenger syndrome: a call to arms

Managing the Eisenmenger syndrome: a call to arms


When Viktor Eisenmenger first described (1897) and later Paul Wooden (1958) expanded on the Eisenmenger syndrome (ES), the choices of remedy of this situation had been very restricted. The pulmonary hypertension (PH) related to this situation was believed to be irreversible. Palliative care administration and coronary heart/heart-lung transplant had been the one out there remedy out there.

The research carried out by Arnott and colleagues have as soon as once more reminded us that there are actually more practical choices. Their research confirmed that, in a binational cohort of sufferers with ES adopted up in professional congenital coronary heart centres in Australia and New Zealand for a imply period of eight.three years, superior remedy (largely bosentan) was related to a discount in mortality.1 This research ought to spur us to do extra for these sufferers.

Difficult the notion that ES just isn’t as necessary as idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (iPAH)

The prognosis of ES has been continuously in contrast with iPAH and infrequently stated to be superior for a number of years. Nevertheless, current research have confirmed that this is probably not the case as a result of inherent biases current within the earlier research.2 Mortality charges in these sufferers stay excessive with adjusted 10-year mortality charges of as much as 40%. As well as, ES sufferers have very poor train tolerance and lowered high quality of life. For a similar diploma of cyanosis, sufferers with ES had a lot poorer cardiopulmonary train check outcomes than different cyanotic coronary heart sufferers.three In truth, …

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